Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'operations' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "business operations" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für operations im Online-Wörterbuch trewe.eu ( Deutschwörterbuch). PMTS has gained substantial importance due to the fact that it can predict work measurements without backgammon online kostenlos ohne anmeldung the actual work. Browse Dictionary by Letter: He described the problem as follows:. Upper Saddle River, N. Scheduling must consider the customer can be waiting in line. InFrederick Winslow Taylor introduced the stopwatch method for accurately measuring the time to perform each single task of a luschen job. Factory Organization and Administration. Services were also performed in the Middle Ages by servants. Before the Lustige bvb sprüche industrial revolution work was mainly done through two systems: When an error occurs in service delivery, the recovery must be el metro on sc reusrath spot by the service provider. Outline of business management Index of management articles. This hierarchical organization in which people were divided into classes based on social position and wealth became known as the feudal system. The Principles of Scientific Management. From this point on a curious development took place:
The MPS can be seen as a kind of aggregate planning for production coming in two fundamentally opposing varieties: Many models have been proposed to solve MPS problems:.
MRP can be briefly described as a 3s procedure: To avoid an "explosion" of data processing in MRP number of BOMs required in input planning bills such as family bills or super bills can be useful since they allow a rationalization of input data into common codes.
MRP had some notorious problems such as infinite capacity and fixed lead times , which influenced successive modifications of the original software architecture in the form of MRP II , enterprise resource planning ERP and advanced planning and scheduling APS.
In this context problems of scheduling sequencing of production , loading tools to use , part type selection parts to work on and applications of operations research have a significant role to play.
Lean manufacturing is an approach to production which arose in Toyota between the end of World War II and the seventies. It comes mainly from the ideas of Taiichi Ohno and Toyoda Sakichi which are centered on the complementary notions of just in time and autonomation jidoka , all aimed at reducing waste usually applied in PDCA style.
Some additional elements are also fundamental: A series of tools have been developed mainly with the objective of replicating Toyota success: In the classic kanban procedure with one card:.
In Toyota the TPS represented more of a philosophy of production than a set of specific lean tools, the latter would include:. Seen more broadly, JIT can include methods such as: In heavily automated production systems production planning and information gathering may be executed via the control system , attention should be paid however to avoid problems such as deadlocks , as these can lead to productivity losses.
Project Production Management PPM applies the concepts of operations management to the execution of delivery of capital projects by viewing the sequence of activities in a project as a production system.
Service industries are a major part of economic activity and employment in all industrialized countries comprising 80 percent of employment and GDP in the U.
Operations management of these services, as distinct from manufacturing, has been developing since the s through publication of unique practices and academic research.
According to Fitzsimmons, Fitzsimmons and Bordoloi differences between manufactured goods and services are as follows: These four comparisons indicate how management of service operations are quite different from manufacturing regarding such issues as capacity requirements highly variable , quality assurance hard to quantify , location of facilities dispersed , and interaction with the customer during delivery of the service product and process design.
While there are differences there are also many similarities. For example, quality management approaches used in manufacturing such as the Baldrige Award, and Six Sigma have been widely applied to services.
Likewise, lean service principles and practices have also been applied in service operations. The important difference being the customer is in the system while the service is being provided and needs to be considered when applying these practices.
One important difference is service recovery. When an error occurs in service delivery, the recovery must be delivered on the spot by the service provider.
Another difference is in planning capacity. Since the product cannot be stored, the service facility must be managed to peak demand which requires more flexibility than manufacturing.
Location of facilities must be near the customers and scale economics can be lacking. Scheduling must consider the customer can be waiting in line.
Queuing theory has been devised to assist in design of service facilities waiting lines. Revenue management is important for service operations, since empty seats on an airplane are lost revenue when the plane departs and cannot be stored for future use.
There are also fields of mathematical theory which have found applications in the field of operations management such as operations research: Queue theory is employed in modelling queue and processing times in production systems while mathematical optimization draws heavily from multivariate calculus and linear algebra.
Queue theory is based on Markov chains and stochastic processes. When analytical models are not enough, managers may resort to using simulation.
Simulation has been traditionally done thought the Discrete event simulation paradigm, where the simulation model possesses a state which can only change when a discrete event happens, which consists of a clock and list of events.
The more recent Transaction-level modeling paradigm consists of a set of resources and a set of transactions: Since real production processes are always affected by disturbances in both inputs and outputs, many companies implement some form of Quality management or quality control.
The Seven Basic Tools of Quality designation provides a summary of commonly used tools:. These are used in approaches like Total quality management and Six Sigma.
Keeping quality under control is relevant to both increasing customer satisfaction and reducing processing waste. Operations management textbooks usually cover demand forecasting , even though it is not strictly speaking an operations problem, because demand is related to some production systems variables.
For example, a classic approach in dimensioning safety stocks requires calculating standard deviation of forecast errors.
Demand forecasting is also a critical part of push systems, since order releases have to be planned ahead of actual clients orders.
Also any serious discussion of capacity planning involves adjusting company outputs with market demands. Other important management problems involve maintenance policies  see also reliability engineering and maintenance philosophy , safety management systems see also safety engineering and Risk management , facility management and supply chain integration.
The following high-ranked  academic journals are concerned with operations management issues:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Business administration Management of a business Accounting. Management accounting Financial accounting Financial audit. Cooperative Corporation Limited liability company Partnership Sole proprietorship State-owned enterprise.
Annual general meeting Board of directors Supervisory board Advisory board Audit committee. Commercial law Constitutional documents Contract Corporate crime Corporate liability Insolvency law International trade law Mergers and acquisitions.
Commodity Public economics Labour economics Development economics International economics Mixed economy Planned economy Econometrics Environmental economics Open economy Market economy Knowledge economy Microeconomics Macroeconomics Economic development Economic statistics.
Marketing Marketing research Public relations Sales. Business analysis Business ethics Business plan Business judgment rule Consumer behaviour Business operations International business Business model International trade Business process Business statistics.
Industrial Revolution and Productivity improving technologies historical. Operations management for services. Processes and Supply Chains.
The coming of the post-industrial society: The Principles of Scientific Management. Also available from Project Gutenberg.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved Nov 21, Montgomery, Statistical Quality Control: Schnonberger, Japanese Manufacturing Techniques: Champy , Reengineering the Corporation: Hill, Manufacturing Strategy-Text and Cases , 3rd ed.
Spearman, Factory Physics , 3rd ed. How Best to Measure it? Archived from the original on Operations, Strategy and Technology.
Upper Saddle River, N. Improving Service Service Delivery Fourth edition. Archived from the original PDF on Plan frequency and planning horizon depend on the specifics of the industry.
The re-planning process focuses on changes from the previously agreed sales and operations plan, while it helps the management team to understand how the company achieved its current level of performance, its primary focus is on future actions and anticipated results.
It must extend through a planning horizon sufficient to plan the labor , equipment , facilities, material, and finances required to accomplish the production plan.
As this plan affects many company functions, it is normally prepared with information from marketing , manufacturing , engineering , finance , materials , etc.
Sales and operations planning has evolved into a major business process adopted to manage the balance and trade-off between the conflicting preferences of the supply and demand side of the supply chain and offers many value creation opportunities.
It is one of the most critical business processes used to achieve best in class performance to consistently outperform competitors.
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